Internet of thing (IoT) has the ability to transfer data through
network without involving human interactions. IoT allows
user to use affordable wireless technology and also helps the
user to transfer the data into the cloud. IoT helps the user to
maintain transparency. The idea of IoT started with the
identity of things for connecting various devices. These
devices can be controlled or monitored through computers
over internet. IoT contains two prominent words “Internet”
and “Things”, where Internet is a vast network for
connecting servers with devices. Internet enables the
information to be sent, receive or even communicate with
the devices. The parking problem causes air pollution and
traffic congestion. In today’s scenario, parking space is
hard to search in a day to day life for the people. According
to the recent survey, there will be a rapid increase in the
vehicle’s population of over 1.6 billion around 2035 .
Around one million barrels of world’s oil is being burnt
everyday. Thus, smart parking system is the key solution
to reduce the waste stage of the fuel. The solution for the
problems that is being raised. The smart parking can be a
solution to minimise user’s time and efficiency as well as
the overall cost of the fuel burnt in search of the parking
space. In this, the data is collected from the sensor and
through analysing and processing, the output is obtained.
This data gets transmitted in the devices which extracts the relevant information and sends it to the Arduino device which gives the command instruction for the data to the particular devices simultaneously. Arduino sends the signal to the servo motor along with GSM module which further gives instructions and notification to the user. When the user enters in the parking area, RFID card allotted to the registered user is scanned by the reader module thus ensuring the security of the user identity. This enables the user to get the information of the available parking space as well as SMS notification to the registered user’s mobile number.
It consists of three parts where first part is the parking area which include Arduino devices along with IR Sensor. The user interacts with the parking area with the help of these devices. The second section of the paper includes the cloud web services which act as a mediator between the user and the car parking area. The cloud is updated according to the availability of parking area. The cloud service is administered by the admin but it can also be viewed by the user to check the availability. The third section of the paper is the user side. The user gets notified for the availability via SMS through GSM module. The user interacts with the cloud as well as parking area. The user gets the notification when the parking availability is full which saves the time for the user
The sensors used in IoT based smart parking systemstores and accesses data from remote locations with the help of the cloud these factors give raise to cloud of things (COT). The nodes could be monitored and controlled from any location the system that we propose provides information regarding the availability of the parking slots with the help of the mobile application the users from the remote location can book the parking slots. An algorithm is used to increase efficiency of cloud-based cashless parking system and network architecture technology is used. This algorithm is used to find the lowest cost parking space. Considering the number of parking lot space available and also considering the distance of the parking space from the user. The user can directly access the cloud-based server and find the information on the parking space. The user can also install an application in their mobile phones to access this information. With the help of this algorithm, waiting time of the user to find a parking space can be minimised. Security aspects are not included in this paper. A wireless sensor node along with smart phone application is being used to find the parking space.Since, wireless technology is used here the system has high accuracy and efficiency. In this system, onboard units are used to communicate with other vehicles. The user parks his vehicle in any one of the several bays available a mechanical lift lifts the vehicle out.Key Points:
Smart parking system based on reservation allows the reservation of a vacant space which involves smart parking system based on reservation (SPSR).This consists of host parking database management which collects and stores data about the driver’s identity and parking location. When the parking reservation time is about to expire a notification will be sent to the user through the web service that has been provided to the user by the admin. The main drawback is that some other user can occupy a reserved parking space to avoid this QR scanners are used to identify the user. It helps us to propose a way in which the user can reserve his parking space by mentioning the destination and the vehicle type with the help of mobile applications .The booking details will be stored in the cloud which finds the shortest path from the user to the parking space , the location of the user is updated regularly in the cloud with the help of GPS . When the user reaches the car parking the Rfid is scanned and the user is allowed into the parking space.The billing is done by the cloud server. The main disadvantage is that the car parking space must be registered in the smart parking system for the user to use it.
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The demand of smart parking system is increasing significantly. This allows user to involve real time access of the availability of the parking space. The existing system in today’s world doesn’t contains the facilities of parking reservation and parking slot availability checker. The existing system was vision-based monitoring system which estimates the number of the parking slots available in the area by counting the number of incoming and outing cars which consumes lot of time and efforts. The next existing system was sensor-based system which uses ultrasonic sound waves for detecting the presence of vehicles and then two-tier parking came into existence which used the concept of parking cars one above another. The result of the paper is to make the parking area connected with the world as well as reduces time and can be cost effective for the user. The result of this paper is to reduce car theft. This paper reduces overall fuel energy of the vehicle which is consumed in the search of the car.